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Numbers You Should Know - Worksheet
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"My goal is first, to alert women to the fact that they definitely are at risk
for heart disease, and . . . it is critical that women
keep an eye on their numbers!"—
Dr. Stephanie Coulter 

Use the Easy Print Format button below to print the worksheet or use the Email button to share this web page with a friend.

This worksheet is also available as a PDF

Blood Pressure
 _________ /__________
      systolic / diastolic  

Normal:
< 120 / < 80
Prehypertension:
120-139 / 80-89
Hypertension: 
> 139 / > 89

When your heart beats, it pumps blood through blood vessels called arteries and creates pressure in them. The higher number (systolic) represents the pressure while your heart is beating. The lower number (diastolic) represents the pressure when your heart is resting between beats. Your blood pressure can change from minute to minute when you change your position or during physical activities, or when you are stressed or sleeping. High blood pressure can damage the walls of your arteries. If your first reading is high, your doctor may take several more readings before deciding whether your blood pressure may be a health concern.

Body Mass Index (BMI)
 _____________
Height (inches) ______
Weight (pounds) ______

BMI Equation:
Weight in pounds x 703 /
Height in inches x
Height in inches

Underweight:  < 18.5
Normal:  18.5–24.9
Overweight:  25.0–29.9
Obese:  > 30.0

Body Mass Index (BMI), which is a number calculated from your height and weight, is used to estimate body fat. The accuracy of the BMI in determining your body fat is influenced by factors such as your fitness level, muscle mass, bone structure, sex, and ethnic origin. This means that some individuals may have a high BMI but not have a high percentage of body fat. However, BMI provides a reliable indicator of body fat for most people. Therefore, it is used to screen for weight problems that may lead to health concerns. See BMI calculator.

Total Cholesterol 
 _____________

Desirable:  < 200
Borderline high:  200-239
High:  ≥ 240

Cholesterol is a measure of the amount of fat in your blood stream. There is good fat (HDL, high-density lipoprotein) and bad fat (LDL, low-density lipoprotein). HDL number should be "high"; LDL number should be "low". Your body produces all the cholesterol it needs; however, cholesterol is also added to your body from the foods you eat—mainly saturated fats. Foods rich in saturated fat include butter fat in milk products, fat from red meat, and tropical oils such as coconut oil. If you keep your total cholesterol level within the desirable range, you may reduce your chances of heart attack and stroke. See cholesterol.

HDL, or "Good" Cholesterol
 
____________

Low:  < 40
Normal:  40-59
Optimal:  ≥ 60

HDL cholesterol, or "good" cholesterol, helps clear away bad fatty substances that can stick to your arteries and damage them. The higher the concentration of HDL in your blood, the less likely you are to develop coronary heart disease. The amount of HDL cholesterol you have may be increased in a number of ways, including getting regular physical activity, not smoking, and losing weight.

Fasting Triglycerides
 
__________

Normal:  < 150
Borderline high:  
   150 – 199
High:  ≥ 200

Triglycerides are in a class of blood fats known as "lipids." If you have eaten within 12 hours of having your blood tested for triglycerides, your level may be falsely high. A high triglyceride level can result in hardening of the arteries, a condition often called "coronary artery disease." High levels of triglycerides are more common in people who are overweight, have diabetes, and/or who do not process fat properly. Your triglyceride levels may be reduced by decreasing your intake of simple sugars (sweets) and alcohol and by increasing your physical activity.

LDL, or "Bad" Cholesterol
____________

Optimal:  < 100
Near optimal: 100-129
Borderline high: 130 -159
High:  ≥ 160
Very high:  > 190

LDL cholesterol, or "bad" cholesterol, is a major contributor to blockages in the arteries that can cause heart attack, stroke, and poor circulation. The higher your LDL concentration, the more likely you are to develop these conditions. LDL cholesterol may be decreased by reducing trans fats and saturated fats that you eat and by eating more fiber-rich foods.  If you have eaten within 12 hours before having this test, your LDL level may be incorrect.

Total Cholesterol /
HDL Ratio
 
___________

Desirable:  < 4.6

The total cholesterol/HDL ratio is an indicator of your potential for developing blockages in the arteries of your heart. A ratio greater than 4.5 is considered a high risk for coronary heart disease. The ratio may be decreased by increasing your good (HDL) cholesterol and/or decreasing your bad (LDL) cholesterol.

Fasting Glucose
 
___________

Normal:  60-99
Pre-diabetes:  100 -125
Diabetes:  > 126

A fasting glucose test shows the amount of sugar in your blood. If you have eaten within 8 hours before  this test, your glucose level may be falsely elevated. Glucose rises rapidly after meals but should return to near the fasting value within 2 hours. A high blood glucose level may be a sign of diabetes or pre-diabetes.

Waist Circumference
 __________ inches

High Risk Levels
> 40 inches for men
> 35 inches for women

A waist circumference measures belly fat. Too much belly fat is associated with a greater health risk than fat located in the hips, thighs, or buttocks. Too much belly fat is an "independent risk factor" for high cholesterol and heart disease, regardless of your Body Mass Index or BMI score, which could be normal. A large waist circumference is also associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes and hypertension.
See how to measure your waistline.

This worksheet is also available as a PDF.

Return to Preventing or Understanding Heart Disease.


Updated October 2013
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If you would like to find a THI heart doctor or need information about keeping your heart healthy, e-mail the
Heart Information Center or call 1-800-292-2221.
 (Outside the U.S., call 1-832-355-6536.)

Texas Heart Institute Heart Information Center
Through this community outreach program, staff members of the Texas Heart Institute (THI) provide educational information related to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cardiovascular disease. It is not the intention of THI to provide specific medical advice, but rather to provide users with information to better understand their health and their diagnosed disorders. Specific medical advice will not be provided and THI urges you to visit a qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to your questions.
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